DECORATIVE ART: WEAVING, ORNAMENT, EMBROIDERY
Crimean Tatar decorative art differs and fascinates with its beauty, expressiveness and restraint. As the art critic M. ya. Ginzburg noted,"...the greatest beauty, variety and richness of drawing, the most delicate range of colors reaches the artistic Tatar industry in weaving and embroidery production, in a variety of fabrics, amazingly colorful costumes, chadras and marams, belts...".
The Crimean Tatars ' textile consists of 4 main types. "Atma" - the main type of textile ("atmak" from the verb - "throw", "throw". Ondan solga atmak-throw from right to left). The second type - " ornegi sepme Atma "was called in the steppe zone and foothill areas," ornegi sachma"in mountain and South — Bank areas ("sepme"," sachma " - from the verbs sow, scatter, scatter), where the pattern, ornament are scattered, scattered on the surface of the fabric. Woven by the method of "Tahtali Atma"in mountainous and southern coastal areas or "katerlengen Tahtali" in the steppe zone, the fabric is characterized by relief pattern and decorative. It was used for home decoration both for holidays, weddings, and in everyday life. It was also used for making head coverings "marama" and "sherbenti". The fabric had a high strength and practicality, so it is often used at home as aprons "of ugluk" or "pestemal", scarves-knots "bahcha", covers of "arty", cloth "saprobes" or "kjonaas" towels "usbus", swipe "egybt" and more. Double sided ornamental textile "chabris Atma" is more often used in the South coast and mountainous areas of the Crimea.